Glossary

AAA

Anti-aircraft artillery. Large-caliber guns and cannon used to shoot down aircraft. Often armed with exploding rounds.

AARGM

Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile. A follow-on improvement to the HARM.

AIM-120 AMRAAM

Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile. An active radar-guided missile capable of being provided target updates in flight and consummating intercept with its own radar seeker, allowing the firing aircraft to shoot more than one target simultaneously and turn and run from the fight once the missile takes over. When fired, “Fox-3” is called.

AIM-7 Sparrow

A short-medium range semi-active radar-homing A/A missile. When fired, “Fox-1” is called.

AIM-9 Sidewinder

An infrared-seeking short-range A/A missile. When fired, “Fox-2” is called.

ALARM

Air-launched anti-radiation missile. A British version of the US-made HARM.

APKWS

Advanced Precision Kill Weapons System. Laser-guided 2.75-inch forward-firing aerial rockets.

BLU

Bomb Live Unit. A series of warheads that contain improved explosive fill compared to the Mk 80 series. Variants include the 500-pound BLU-111; low-collateral damage 500-pound BLU-126/B; 1,000-pound BLU-110 (1,000); and hard target-penetrating, 2,000-pound BLU-109.

CATM

Captive Air Training Missile. An A/A missile used for training that lacks many, or all, of the components found on live missiles.

HARM

High-speed Anti-radiation Missile. A missile designed to home in on surface-to-air radar emitters, such as those affiliated with early warning detection and SAMs.

JASSM

Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile. A low observable stand-off air-launched missile.

JDAM

Joint Direct Attack Munition. A GPS-guided free-fall bomb available in the 500- / 1,000- / and 2,000-pound classes.

JSOW

Joint Stand Off Weapon. A GPS-guided glide bomb.

LGB

Laser-guided Bomb. An aerial free-fall weapon that homes on laser energy reflected off a designated target.

LGTR

Laser-guided Training Round. A low-cost, inert laser-guided training munition that allows aircrew to simulate employing LGBs.

Maverick

The AGM-65 Maverick is an air-to-ground missile (AGM) designed for close air support. It is the most widely produced precision-guided missile in the Western world, and is effective against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ships, ground transportation and fuel storage facilities.

SAM

Surface-to-air Missile. Homing or guided missiles designed to shootdow aircraft.

SDB

Small Diameter Bomb. A 250-lb precision-guided glide bomb intended to provide aircraft with the ability to carry a higher number of more accurate bombs.

SLAM ER

Stand-off Land Attack Missile Expanded Response. A GPS-guided, cruise missile-like weapon that beams television imagery back to the launching or supporting aircraft in order for real time ‘pilot-in-the-loop’ aim point updates and success determination.