Anti-aircraft artillery. Large-caliber guns and cannon used to shoot down aircraft. Often armed with exploding rounds.


Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile. A follow-on improvement to the HARM.


Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile. An active radar-guided missile capable of being provided target updates in flight and consummating intercept with its own radar seeker, allowing the firing aircraft to shoot more than one target simultaneously and turn and run from the fight once the missile takes over. When fired, “Fox-3” is called.

AIM-7 Sparrow

A short-medium range semi-active radar-homing A/A missile. When fired, “Fox-1” is called.

AIM-9 Sidewinder

An infrared-seeking short-range A/A missile. When fired, “Fox-2” is called.


Air-launched anti-radiation missile. A British version of the US-made HARM.


Advanced Precision Kill Weapons System. Laser-guided 2.75-inch forward-firing aerial rockets.


Bomb Live Unit. A series of warheads that contain improved explosive fill compared to the Mk 80 series. Variants include the 500-pound BLU-111; low-collateral damage 500-pound BLU-126/B; 1,000-pound BLU-110 (1,000); and hard target-penetrating, 2,000-pound BLU-109.


Captive Air Training Missile. An A/A missile used for training that lacks many, or all, of the components found on live missiles.


High-speed Anti-radiation Missile. A missile designed to home in on surface-to-air radar emitters, such as those affiliated with early warning detection and SAMs.


Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile. A low observable stand-off air-launched missile.


Joint Direct Attack Munition. A GPS-guided free-fall bomb available in the 500- / 1,000- / and 2,000-pound classes.


Joint Stand Off Weapon. A GPS-guided glide bomb.


Laser-guided Bomb. An aerial free-fall weapon that homes on laser energy reflected off a designated target.


Laser-guided Training Round. A low-cost, inert laser-guided training munition that allows aircrew to simulate employing LGBs.


The AGM-65 Maverick is an air-to-ground missile (AGM) designed for close air support. It is the most widely produced precision-guided missile in the Western world, and is effective against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ships, ground transportation and fuel storage facilities.


Surface-to-air Missile. Homing or guided missiles designed to shootdow aircraft.


Small Diameter Bomb. A 250-lb precision-guided glide bomb intended to provide aircraft with the ability to carry a higher number of more accurate bombs.


Stand-off Land Attack Missile Expanded Response. A GPS-guided, cruise missile-like weapon that beams television imagery back to the launching or supporting aircraft in order for real time ‘pilot-in-the-loop’ aim point updates and success determination.

Standoff Weapon

An A/S weapon that can be launched or released from a greater distance than ballistic weapons, where the aircraft is less exposed to threats defending the intended target.